Ways of Knowing in Nursing

Read the article, Sherman, D. W. (1997).  Death of a newborn: Healing the pain through Carper’s patterns of knowing. Journal of the New York State Nurses Association, 28(1), 4-6.

  1. Discuss how the “death of a newborn” illustrates Carper’s four ways of knowing (Empirical, Aesthetic, Personal, and Ethical Knowledge). as discussed by the author.
  2. Based on a clinical nursing experience of your own, identify in your case study Carper’s four ways of knowing.  (Explain each of Carper’s ways of knowing and relate it to your example).

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