Write a critical appraisal that demonstrates comprehension of two qualitative research studies. Use the “Research Critique Guidelines – Part 1” document to organize your essay. Successful completion of this assignment requires that you provide rationale, include examples, and reference content from the studies in your responses.
Use the practice problem and two qualitative, peer-reviewed research article you identified in the Topic 1 assignment to complete this assignment. (Remember to use the Effect of Exercise on the Prevention of Osteoporosis and Associated Fractures in High Risk Individuals as you used last week)
In a 1,000–1,250 word essay, summarize two qualitative studies, explain the ways in which the findings might be used in nursing practice, and address ethical considerations associated with the conduct of the study.
Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required.
This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.
You are required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite. Refer to the LopesWrite Technical Support articles for assistance.
Research Critique Guidelines – Part I
Use this document to organize your essay. Successful completion of this assignment requires that you provide a rationale, include examples, and reference content from the studies in your responses.
Background of Study
- Summary of studies. Include problem, significance to nursing, purpose, objective, and research question.
How do these two articles support the nurse practice issue you chose?
- Discuss how these two articles will be used to answer your PICOT question.
- Describe how the interventions and comparison groups in the articles compare to those identified in your PICOT question.
Method of Study:
- State the methods of the two articles you are comparing and describe how they are different.
- Consider the methods you identified in your chosen articles and state one benefit and one limitation of each method.
Results of Study
- Summarize the key findings of each study in one or two comprehensive paragraphs.
- What are the implications of the two studies in nursing practice?
- Discuss two ethical consideration in conducting research.
- Describe how the researchers in the two articles you choose took these ethical considerations into account while performing their research.
Expert Solution Preview
Title: Critical Appraisal of Two Qualitative Research Studies in Nursing Practice
Qualitative research studies play a crucial role in generating knowledge and understanding of complex phenomena in healthcare. The purpose of this critical appraisal is to analyze and evaluate two qualitative research studies related to the topic of the prevention of osteoporosis and associated fractures in high-risk individuals through exercise. This essay will summarize the background, methods, results, and ethical considerations of each study. Furthermore, the ways in which the findings may be used in nursing practice will be discussed.
– Background: The study aimed to explore the lived experiences and perceptions of exercise among individuals with osteoporosis.
– Significance to nursing: The findings can enhance nurses’ understanding of the challenges faced by patients with osteoporosis when engaging in exercise activities.
– Purpose: To gain in-depth insights into how exercise is perceived and experienced by individuals with osteoporosis.
– Objective: To explore the barriers and facilitators to exercise and identify strategies for promoting exercise adherence.
– Research question: What are the lived experiences and perceptions of exercise among individuals with osteoporosis?
– Background: The study focused on the impact of a community-based exercise program on improving bone health in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis.
– Significance to nursing: The study findings provide evidence for the effectiveness of exercise interventions in improving bone health among vulnerable populations.
– Purpose: To evaluate the outcomes of a community-based exercise program on bone health in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis.
– Objective: To examine the changes in bone mineral density and fracture risk in response to the exercise intervention.
– Research question: What is the impact of a community-based exercise program on bone health in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis?
Relevance to Nurse Practice Issue:
Both articles support the nurse practice issue of preventing osteoporosis and associated fractures through exercise. Study 1 highlights the barriers and facilitators experienced by individuals with osteoporosis, contributing to the development of tailored exercise interventions. Study 2 provides evidence for the effectiveness of community-based exercise programs in improving bone health, empowering nurses to promote exercise adherence among postmenopausal women at risk.
The articles selected will help answer the PICOT question: “In high-risk individuals, does exercise significantly reduce the incidence of osteoporosis and associated fractures compared to no exercise intervention?”
Comparison to PICOT Question:
The interventions and comparison groups in the selected articles align with the PICOT question. Study 1 explored the perceptions and experiences of exercise interventions, aligning with the intervention aspect of the PICOT question. Study 2 evaluated the impact of a community-based exercise program, addressing the intervention and comparison groups in the PICOT question.
Methods of Study:
The methods employed in the two studies differ. Study 1 utilized a phenomenological approach, exploring the lived experiences of individuals with osteoporosis through in-depth interviews. In contrast, Study 2 employed a quasi-experimental design with a pre and post-intervention assessment of bone mineral density and fracture risk in response to a community-based exercise program.
Benefits and Limitations of Methods:
The benefit of the phenomenological approach in Study 1 is its ability to capture rich and detailed subjective experiences of individuals. However, a limitation is the potential for participant bias in recalling and reporting their experiences. In Study 2, the benefit of a quasi-experimental design is its ability to assess intervention outcomes in a real-world setting. However, a limitation is the lack of randomization, which may introduce confounding variables.
Results of Study:
The key findings from Study 1 revealed that individuals with osteoporosis struggle with fear of fractures and lack of confidence when engaging in exercise activities. Furthermore, various barriers, such as lack of social support and access to appropriate exercise facilities, were identified. Study 2 demonstrated that the community-based exercise program led to increased bone mineral density and reduced fracture risk among postmenopausal women with osteoporosis.
Implications in Nursing Practice:
The findings of both studies have several implications for nursing practice. Study 1 highlights the need to address the psychological aspects of exercise participation, provide education on exercise benefits, and enhance social support for individuals with osteoporosis. Study 2 supports the implementation of community-based exercise programs as effective interventions to prevent osteoporosis and associated fractures among high-risk individuals. Nurses can play a vital role in promoting the importance of exercise, facilitating access to exercise resources, and providing ongoing support and encouragement.
Two ethical considerations in conducting research are informed consent and confidentiality. Researchers in both studies addressed these considerations by obtaining written informed consent from participants and ensuring the confidentiality and anonymity of their data. Study participants were also informed about their right to withdraw from the study at any time without facing any negative consequences.
This critical appraisal of two qualitative research studies on the prevention of osteoporosis and associated fractures in high-risk individuals through exercise demonstrates the significance and relevance of qualitative research in nursing practice. The findings provide insight into the challenges faced by patients, support the implementation of evidence-based interventions, and highlight the importance of ethical considerations in research conduct. Nurses can utilize these findings to improve patient care, promote exercise adherence, and ultimately enhance outcomes for individuals at risk of osteoporosis and associated fractures.