What are social determinants of health?
How do social determinants of health contribute to the development of illness?
What is a communicable disease chain?
Are there steps that a nurse can take to break a link within the communicable disease chain?
Give a specific example.
Readings within your text covering international/global health and the following websites will assist you in answering these questions:
- U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Global Health website:
- U.S. Department of Health & Human Services (HHS) Global Health website:
- Families USA – Why Global Health Matters—Here and Abroad website:
- World Health Organization (WHO) website: http://www.who.int
500 words, 3 APA format reference style.
Expert Solution Preview
In this essay, we will discuss the social determinants of health and their contribution to the development of illness. We will also explore the concept of a communicable disease chain and identify steps that a nurse can take to break a link within this chain. Additionally, we will refer to various sources, including the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the U.S. Department of Health & Human Services (HHS), Families USA, and the World Health Organization (WHO), to support our answers.
Social determinants of health refer to the conditions in which people are born, live, work, and age. These factors can greatly impact an individual’s health and well-being. The social determinants of health include various elements such as socioeconomic status, education, employment, social support networks, physical environment, and access to healthcare services. They play a crucial role in shaping an individual’s health outcomes and ultimately contribute to the development of illness.
The influence of social determinants of health on the development of illness is multifaceted. For example, individuals with lower socioeconomic status may face barriers in accessing healthcare services, leaving them vulnerable to undiagnosed or untreated conditions. Limited educational opportunities can also play a role in the development of illness, as individuals may lack awareness about preventive healthcare measures or may engage in behaviors that are detrimental to their health.
The physical environment in which individuals live can also impact their health. For instance, exposure to environmental pollutants or living in overcrowded and unsanitary conditions increases the risk of developing respiratory or infectious diseases. Additionally, social support networks play a crucial role in promoting health and preventing illness. Lack of social support can lead to increased stress levels, which can negatively affect an individual’s immune system and make them more susceptible to illnesses.
Moving on to the concept of a communicable disease chain, it refers to the sequential transmission of a communicable disease from one host to another. The chain typically consists of six links: the infectious agent, reservoir, portal of exit, mode of transmission, portal of entry, and susceptible host. Each link represents an opportunity for the disease to be transmitted further.
Nurses can play a vital role in breaking a link within the communicable disease chain. One example is their involvement in promoting proper hand hygiene practices. By ensuring that individuals and healthcare professionals consistently practice hand hygiene, nurses can interrupt the mode of transmission link. Simple actions like handwashing or using hand sanitizers can significantly reduce the spread of infectious diseases.
Furthermore, nurses can educate individuals and communities about the importance of vaccination to break the link of susceptibility. By promoting immunization and increasing vaccination rates, nurses can protect individuals from becoming susceptible hosts. This is particularly important in preventing the transmission of diseases such as influenza or measles, which can have severe consequences.
In conclusion, social determinants of health significantly influence an individual’s health outcomes and can contribute to the development of illness. Understanding and addressing these determinants is essential for healthcare professionals in providing holistic and effective care. Nurses, in particular, can play a critical role in breaking the link within the communicable disease chain by promoting preventive measures, such as hand hygiene and vaccination. By taking proactive steps, nurses can contribute to reducing the burden of communicable diseases and promoting overall population health.