Read chapters 10and 11from Tappen(2015) textbook.
***Discussion topic for Week 7 (Worth 1.25 points)Due Date:06/20/2020
Based on your readings, please answer the following discussion question.
What are the perceived challenges do you expect to find with validity and trustworthiness in qualitative research? What steps will you implement to ensure that your research is reliable? APA FORMAT 250 WORDS , EXCEPT REFERENCES
Expert Solution Preview
Validity and trustworthiness are crucial concepts in qualitative research, as they determine the accuracy and credibility of the findings and conclusions. The nature of qualitative research presents unique challenges that can potentially affect its validity and trustworthiness. In this answer, we will discuss the perceived challenges in maintaining validity and trustworthiness in qualitative research and propose steps to ensure reliability.
Perceived challenges in maintaining validity and trustworthiness in qualitative research:
1. Subjectivity and researcher bias: Qualitative research involves subjective interpretation of data, which can introduce bias. Researchers’ personal beliefs, values, and experiences may influence data collection, analysis, and interpretation, potentially compromising the validity and trustworthiness of the study.
2. Generalizability: Qualitative research is characterized by small sample sizes and in-depth exploration of specific phenomena. This focus on depth rather than breadth limits the generalizability of the findings to the broader population, raising concerns about the external validity of the research.
3. Validity threats in data collection: Various factors can threaten the validity of qualitative data collection. For example, participants may provide socially desirable responses, leading to a lack of authenticity. Researchers may also face difficulties in establishing rapport or managing their role as both observer and interviewer, potentially influencing the data collected.
Steps to ensure reliability in qualitative research:
1. Triangulation: Employing multiple sources of data or methods of data collection can enhance reliability. Triangulation involves comparing and contrasting data from different sources, such as interviews, observations, and documents, to establish convergence and consistency in the findings.
2. Peer debriefing: Seeking input and feedback from colleagues or experts in the field can help identify potential biases or shortcomings in the research process. Peer debriefing allows for critical examination of the research design, data collection methods, and analysis techniques, thus strengthening the trustworthiness of the study.
3. Reflexivity: Researchers should be aware of their own biases and preconceived notions throughout the research process. By critically reflecting on their assumptions and actively engaging in self-reflection, researchers can minimize the impact of their subjectivity and enhance the validity of their findings.
4. Member checking: Inviting participants to review the research findings and interpretations allows for participant validation. This step ensures that participants’ perspectives are accurately represented and increases the trustworthiness of the research.
Maintaining validity and trustworthiness in qualitative research can be challenging due to subjective interpretation, limited generalizability, and threats to data collection validity. To ensure reliability, researchers can employ strategies such as triangulation, peer debriefing, reflexivity, and member checking. By implementing these steps, researchers can mitigate potential biases, strengthen the credibility of their research, and produce valid and trustworthy findings.